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Understanding the EU Tyre label

What is the EU Tyre Label?

All new car, van, 4x4, SUV and van tyres manufactured since mid-2012 carry a tyre label to let drivers know a little more about that tyres performance. It was created to help drivers make a more informed choice when choosing new tyres for their vehicle. In many ways the label is similar to the energy stickers that appear on white goods like fridge freezers to rate their energy efficiency. Every tyre is different and not all tyres offer the same levels of performance. The EU tyre label provides objective and comparable information about the tyre’s performance in three key areas:

  • Fuel Efficiency – how often will you need to refuel?
  • Wet Grip – what is the braking distance of the tyre on wet roads?
  • Exterior Noise - How loud is the tyre?


Fuel Efficiency

Fuel efficiency tells you how economic the tyres are in terms of fuel consumption. The fuel efficiency rating is a measure of how much rolling resistance the tyre produces. Just as a ball won’t bounce as high on the second bounce, tyres lose energy as they travel along the road. If you were travelling at 30mph and put the car into neutral and let it roll to a natural stop, tyres with high rolling resistance will come to a stop much quicker than those with a low rolling resistance and therefore need more energy (fuel) to provide forward momentum. A-rated tyres have the least rolling resistance while G-rated tyres have the most. The difference in fuel consumption between a car fitted with A and G class tyres is around 0.5 litres per 100km, that's a saving of around 80 litres and more than £110 per year.*

*Savings based on a petrol engine car travelling 10,000 miles/year with £1.40/litre fuel cost.


Wet Grip

Wet grip refers to the safety performance of tyres and how good it is at braking on a wet road.

Tyres with good wet grip have shorter braking distances on slippery roads, essential for keeping you safe in the rain.

The tyre label rates tyres based on the distance travelled by the car after braking at 50mph in the wet. A 30% improvement in braking distance can be expected between a G rating and an A rating when four tyres are fitted to the average passenger car.


Exterior Noise

This is a measurement of how much noise the tyre produces when in motion, but its important to point out that this refers to external noise only. The noise level experienced by the driver inside the vehicle is not measured. Exterior noise is measured in decibels (dB) and is represented as one, two or three sound waves on the EU tyre label. One wave for the best performing, i.e. quietest tyres, three waves for the worst performing and loudest. Three bars is the current noise limit, while two meets future laws and one is a further 3dBs lower.

Tyre Labelling at Tyre City

As well as stocking the best range of affordable tyres at your local Tyre City centre you can view the EU tyre label rating of each tyre in the product information so you can choose the best tyres to suit your needs and your budget.